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Principles of International Investment Law, 2nd Edition by Dolzer, Rudolf; Schreuer, Christoph (15th November 2012)

VIII State Responsibility and Attribution

From: Principles of International Investment Law (2nd Edition)

Rudolf Dolzer, Christoph Schreuer

From: Investment Claims (http://oxia.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. date: 27 May 2020

International economic law — International investment law — International responsibility — State entities and attribution — Responsibility of states — Settlement of disputes
Under customary international law, a state is responsible for all its organs. Similarly, the state is responsible for its territorial units such as provinces and municipalities. This principle of attribution follows from the concept of the unity of the state and applies to organs at all levels and regardless of the position of the organ in the state’s administrative organization. Therefore, lower level officials may incur the state’s responsibility in the same way as the highest representatives of the state. The state’s responsibility extends to all branches of...
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