VIII State Responsibility and Attribution
Rudolf Dolzer, Christoph Schreuer
- International economic law — International investment law — International responsibility — State entities and attribution — Responsibility of states — Settlement of disputes
Under customary international law, a state is responsible for all its organs. Similarly, the state is responsible for its territorial units such as provinces and municipalities. This principle of attribution follows from the concept of the unity of the state and applies to organs at all levels and regardless of the position of the organ in the state’s administrative organization. Therefore, lower level officials may incur the state’s responsibility in the same way as the highest representatives of the state. The state’s responsibility extends to all branches of...