List of Contributors
From: Arbitration Under International Investment Agreements: A Guide to the Key Issues (2nd Edition)
Edited By: Katia Yannaca-Small
Katia Yannaca-Small is an independent counsel and arbitrator advising and representing states and companies on commercial and investor-state arbitration and public international law issues. Previously, she was Counsel with the International Arbitration and Public International Law Groups of Shearman & Sterling LLP in Washington, D.C. Prior to joining the private sector, Katia was the Senior Legal Adviser on International Investment with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in charge of all the OECD work on international investment agreements and arbitration. The results of this work have been used as reference by governments and included in several OECD publications. Katia also served as Senior Counsel with ICSID, where she administered large investor-state arbitrations, and proposed and developed ICSID’s first course on ICSID procedure for government officials and practitioners. She is Lecturer in Law at the University of Southern California’s Gould School of Law, teaching international investment law and arbitration. Katia is a frequent speaker and has written extensively in the field of investment arbitration.
Jawad Ahmad is an associate at Mayer Brown International LLP, London. He was previously a private law clerk for Judge Charles N. Brower, 20 Essex Street Chambers, London, and was physically based in Washington, D.C., where he acted as a tribunal assistant in both investor-State and commercial arbitrations. He was previously Judge Brower’s Legal Adviser at the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal in The Hague where he worked on State-to-State arbitrations. Prior to The Hague, Jawad was an associate at a leading law firm in Singapore where he practiced international arbitration. He is an Editor of Arbitration International and an Associate Editor of the Kluwer Arbitration Blog. Jawad co-authored the Chapter in this book prior to joining Mayer Brown International LLP. The opinions expressed in the Chapter are those of the author, and they do not reflect in any way that of the law firm to which he is affiliated.
Stanimir A Alexandrov works as an arbitrator in treaty-based investor-state disputes and international commercial arbitrations. Mr Alexandrov serves as an arbitrator in numerous cases and has been appointed to the panels of arbitrators of various arbitral institutions. He has been designated by the Chairman of ICSID’s Administrative Council to serve on ICSID’s Panel of Arbitrators. Mr Alexandrov has more than twenty years of experience in investor-state and international commercial arbitration. Until August 2017, he was co-leader of the international arbitration practice at Sidley Austin LLP. Mr Alexandrov is consistently listed as a leader in the field of international arbitration in publications including The Best Lawyers in America, Chambers, The Legal 500: United States, The Legal 500: Latin America, and The International Who’s Who Legal, and has been recognized as ‘Lawyer of the Year International Arbitration—Governmental’ and ‘Lawyer of the Year International Arbitration—Commercial’. Before he entered private practice, Mr Alexandrov was Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria, where he managed Bulgaria’s relations with the European Union (EU), the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and NATO, worked on Bulgaria’s EU and WTO accession, and was responsible for all legal work of the Foreign Service.
Aurélia Antonietti serves as Senior Legal Adviser at the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). She has served as Secretary of the Tribunal in various arbitral proceedings in the field of investment arbitration. She has previously worked in the field of commercial and investment arbitration as an associate with the law firm of Gide Loyrette Nouel in Paris, France, Schellenberg Wittmer, and Lévy Kaufmann-Kohler in Geneva, (p. xcii) Switzerland. She holds degrees from Université Paris II Panthéon-Assas (DEA), University College, London (LL.M.), and The George Washington University Law School (LL.M.). She is admitted to the Paris Bar and to practise law in the State of New York and as a solicitor in England and Wales.
Yas Banifatemi is a partner and deputy practice leader in Shearman & Sterling’s International Arbitration Group and leads the firm’s Public International Law Practice. Yas advises and represents states, state-owned entities, and companies on both public international law and international arbitration issues, and acts as counsel and arbitrator in arbitrations conducted pursuant to ICSID, UNCITRAL, LCIA, SCC, CRCICA, DIS, and Swiss Arbitration Rules, with particular focus on investment protection, oil & gas, and general commercial matters. She is a Vice-President of the ICC Court of Arbitration, a member of the LCIA Court of Arbitration and of the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators, appointed by the Chairman of ICSID’s Administrative Council. She is a Lecturer at University of Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris I) and a Visiting Lecturer in Law at Yale Law School. Yas has been repeatedly praised in all leading professional directories and earns ‘acclaim for her excellent track record in arbitration’.
Andrea K Bjorklund is a Full Professor and the L. Yves Fortier Chair in International Arbitration and International Commercial Law at McGill University Faculty of Law. In 2017 she was named one of McGill’s Norton Rose Scholars in International Arbitration and International Commercial Law. In addition to serving as an adviser to the American Law Institute’s project on restating the US law of international commercial arbitration, she is a member of the Advisory Board of the Investment Treaty Forum of the British Institute for International and Comparative Law. She is on the panel of arbitrators of the AAA’s International Centre for Dispute Resolution and on the roster of NAFTA Chapter 19 arbitrators. Professor Bjorklund has a J.D. from Yale Law School, an M.A. in French Studies from New York University, and a B.A. (with High Honours) in History and French from the University of Nebraska.
Nigel Blackaby is a Partner and Global Head of International Arbitration at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer US LLP, Washington, D.C. and Adjunct Professor of Law at American University in Washington. He has acted as counsel and arbitrator in over 100 ad hoc and institutional arbitrations, both commercial and investor-state under BITs, with a focus on Latin America. He is co-author of Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration and was recently named as one of the US’s most prominent eight arbitration practitioners by Who’s Who Legal 2018.
Charles N Brower has been a Judge of the Iran–United States Claims Tribunal for thirty-five years, has served as Judge ad hoc of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and currently sits as Judge ad hoc of the International Court of Justice. He is a member of 20 Essex Street Chambers in London and has served as Distinguished Visiting Research Professor of Law at George Washington University Law School. Previously, Judge Brower served as Acting Legal Adviser to the United States Department of State, as Deputy Special Counsellor to the President of the United States, and as a partner at White & Case LLP, where he co-founded the firm’s Washington, D.C. office. Among other honours, Judge Brower has been awarded the American Society of International Law’s Manley O. Hudson Medal (2009), the American Bar Association Section of International Law’s Lifetime Achievement Award (2013), and the Global Arbitration Review’s Lifetime Achievement Award (2015).
Mark Clodfelter has more than thirty-five years of private and public practice experience involving investor-state, state-to-state, and commercial disputes before numerous international arbitration fora. He has represented a wide range of governmental and private parties before ICSID, PCA (UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules), ICC, and SCC tribunals, as well (p. xciii) as before the UN Compensation Commission and the Iran–US Claims Tribunal. He has also served as arbitrator in numerous cases under the major arbitration rules and ad hoc arbitrations. Previously, Mr Clodfelter was in charge of International Claims and Investment Disputes for the US Government, providing diplomatic protection of US citizens and companies abroad and representing the United States in international arbitration proceedings. He is a former White House Fellow and, as a member of the Senior Executive Service, received the Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Service. He also taught International Commercial Arbitration at Georgetown Law Center in Washington, D.C.
David Earnest is with the International Arbitration Group of Shearman & Sterling LLP in Washington, D.C. He has broad experience in investment treaty arbitration and international commercial arbitration, where he has acted as counsel and advised private clients and governments in disputes under the auspices of various arbitral institutions and rules, as well as ad hoc arbitrations under the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules and the English Arbitration Act. Before joining Shearman & Sterling, David was with leading international law firms in Brussels and London and has spent time on secondment to the London Court of International Arbitration as legal counsel. He is admitted in New York and Washington, D.C. as an attorney and in England and Wales as a solicitor-advocate.
Roberto Echandi is the Global Lead on Investment Policy & Promotion of the Macro Economics, Trade, and Investment Global Practice of the World Bank Group (WBG). He is also a Member of Faculty of Masters in International Economic Law and Policy (IELPO) of the University of Barcelona, non-resident Fellow at the World Trade Institute, University of Bern, and at the Academia de Centroamerica in Costa Rica, and Contributing Expert of the James Baker III Institute for Public Policy, Rice University. He is a Member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of International Economic Law, and of the Editorial Advisory Board of the Journal of World Investment and Trade. Roberto was the Former Ambassador of Costa Rica to Belgium, Luxembourg, and the European Union.
Nils Eliasson is a partner in Shearman & Sterling’s International Arbitration Group based in Hong Kong. He has acted as counsel or arbitrator in commercial and investment treaty disputes conducted under most major arbitration rules, including ICSID, UNCITRAL, ICC, LCIA, HKIAC, SIAC, and SCC. Nils’ experience includes disputes related to joint ventures, mergers and acquisitions, energy, oil and gas, infrastructure, construction, engineering, licence disputes, telecommunications, and real estate, as well as investment treaty arbitrations under various BITs and the Energy Charter Treaty. Nils is a member of the HKIAC Council and the Chairman of the HKIAC Proceedings Committee. He has written and spoken extensively on investment law and investment treaty arbitration, including the investment treaty programme of the People’s Republic of China. Nils holds a Ph.D. in law from the University of Lund.
Chad Farrell is an associate in the Washington, D.C. office of White & Case LLP, where he practises international arbitration. He was an Associate Legal Officer at the International Court of Justice from 2011 to 2015. He is a 2007 graduate of the University of Virginia School of Law.
Timothy (Tim) Foden is Counsel with LALIVE. His practice focuses on investor-treaty and complex commercial arbitrations in the mining and energy sectors, with additional experience in technology licensing, commodities, and hospitality. He has represented dozens of investors against states under the Energy Charter Treaty and various bilateral investment treaties and also has extensive commercial arbitration experience, having represented, inter alia, international chemical engineering firms and global mining concerns. He has acted in proceedings under the major arbitration rules and has extensive experience in the enforcement (p. xciv) of commercial and ICSID arbitration awards in the courts of the United States, England, and Belize. Tim acted as co-Chair of Young ICCA (2011–2014), deputy editor of the European International Arbitration Review (2011–2016), and currently serves as a board member of American Qualified Lawyers in London. He speaks regularly on international arbitration matters and has been recognized by Global Arbitration Review and Who’s Who Legal as a ‘Rising Star in International Arbitration’ for 2017 and 2018.
Emmanuel Gaillard is a partner at Shearman & Sterling LLP and heads the firm’s International Arbitration practice. He also is a Visiting Professor of Law at Yale Law School. Emmanuel Gaillard represents corporations, states, and state-owned entities in commercial and investment arbitrations. He also regularly acts as arbitrator or expert. He was appointed by France to the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators. He has written extensively on all aspects of arbitration law. His publications include Fouchard Gaillard Goldman on International Commercial Arbitration, a leading treatise in the field; the first published essay on the legal theory of international arbitration, based on his course at The Hague Academy of International Law. The volume was published in French (Aspects philosophiques du droit de l’arbitrage international), English (Legal Theory of International Arbitration), and other languages; two volumes on ICSID case law (La Jurisprudence du CIRDI). He also co-authored the UNCITRAL Secretariat Guide on the New York Convention and chairs the International Arbitration Institute (IAI).
Eckhard Hellbeck is a Counsel with White & Case LLP in Washington, D.C. His practice focuses on complex international arbitration and litigation involving sovereign parties across a broad range of industry sectors. He has particular experience with investment law, issues under international law, and the enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards. Before joining White & Case, Mr Hellbeck was a lawyer and diplomat with the German Foreign Service, where he participated in negotiating treaties with the then Soviet Union in the context of German unification. He also represented Germany at the United Nations in New York. Mr Hellbeck studied law at the Free University of Berlin, Germany, The Hague Academy of International Law, and American University Washington College of Law, from which he graduated with a Master of Laws in International Legal Studies and an Outstanding Graduate Award.
Kaj Hobér is professor of international investment and trade law at Uppsala University and Chairman of the SCC Institute at the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce. He is an associate member of 3 Verulam Buildings, Gray’s Inn, London. Professor Hobér has more than thirty-five years’ experience of international arbitration as counsel and arbitrator in commercial cases, as well as in treaty cases. He has written several books and numerous articles on international arbitration and international law.
Dimitrios Katsikis is an Associate in Shearman & Sterling LLP’s International Arbitration Group, based in Paris. He is a graduate of University College, London (LLB) and the University of Oxford (BCL), where he focused on private international law, public international law, and arbitration. When at the University of Oxford, Dimitrios completed a thesis on Fair and Equitable Treatment as a mandate for tribunals to determine disputes ex aequo et bono, under the supervision of Dr Martins Paparinskis. Dimitrios is qualified in New York and England and Wales and is registered as a foreign lawyer in Paris. His practice encompasses investment and commercial arbitration, as well as court litigation related to arbitration.
Gabrielle Kaufmann-Kohler is a partner in Lévy Kaufmann-Kohler in Geneva, Professor in Geneva University, Director of the Geneva LL.M. in International Dispute Settlement (MIDS), and Co-Director, Center for International Dispute Settlement (CIDS) (Geneva University and Graduate Institute). She teaches international arbitration and practised in (p. xcv) over 220 international commercial and investment arbitrations, mainly as arbitrator and in particular as president. She appears on numerous arbitration panels, including ICC, ICSID, AAA, LCIA, SIAC, and CIETAC. Mrs Kaufmann-Kohler is President-elect of ICCA; Honorary President of the Swiss Arbitration Association (ASA); Chair of the Board of Trustees; and co-founder of the Foundation for International Arbitration Advocacy (FIAA). She has published widely in the area of her specialization (list available at www.lk-k.com).
Milanka Kostadinova is a Senior Legal Adviser at the Front Office of the Secretary-General of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). She is responsible for matters relating to States’ participation in the ICSID Convention and specializes in public international law, the law of international organizations, investment treaty law and international investment arbitration. Apart from her primary responsibilities for providing advice on the institutional and legal affairs of an intergovernmental organization with 153 Member States, she administers international arbitration proceedings under the ICSID Convention and Rules. She served as Managing Editor of the ICSID Review—Foreign Investment Law Journal for six years (2003–2008) and prior to that was a Member of its Editorial Board (1997–2002). She is also past General Editor of ICSID’s collections of Investment Laws of the World and Investment Treaties (OUP).
Barton Legum is a partner in Dentons’ Paris office and head of the firm’s investment treaty arbitration practice. He has over thirty years’ experience in litigating complex cases and has argued before numerous international arbitration tribunals, the International Court of Justice, and a range of trial and appeals courts in the United States. Bart is a past Chair of the American Bar Association’s Section of International Law, a Member of the Board of the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, and on the ICSID roster of conciliators for investment disputes. He served as Chief of the NAFTA Claims Division in the Office of the Legal Adviser, US State Department. He is the editor of The Investment Treaty Arbitration Review (2nd edn 2017), and founding editor of International Litigation Strategies and Practice (1st edn 2005; 2nd edn 2014), a book published by the American Bar Association.
Loretta Malintoppi is an arbitrator with 39 Essex Chambers, based in Singapore. Loretta specializes in international commercial arbitration, investment arbitration, and public international law. She sits as arbitrator in proceedings under a variety of arbitration rules and appears as counsel and advocate in state-to-state disputes before the International Court of Justice and in ad hoc arbitrations. She was a Member for Italy of the ICC International Court of Arbitration (2000–2009) and Vice-President of the ICC Court (2009–2015). She is currently a member of the Governing Board of ICCA. Loretta is one of the co-authors of The ICSID Convention: A Commentary published by Cambridge University Press in 2009, a member of the editorial board of The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals, editor of the International Litigation in Practice Series, and a member of the editorial advisory board of the Journal of World Investment and Trade.
Irmgard Marboe is Professor of International Law at the Department of European, International, and Comparative Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Vienna. She is the author of Calculation of Compensation and Damages in International Investment Law published by Oxford University Press (1st edn 2009, 2nd edn 2017). As associate editor of the online journal Transnational Dispute Management (TDM), she edited a special issue on ‘Compensation and Damages in International Investment Arbitration’. Since 2016, she has been Co-Editor-in-Chief of The Journal of Damages in International Arbitration. She is a member of various research and interest groups in the area of damages and acts as consultant (p. xcvi) in investor-state arbitrations. She is a frequent speaker at international conferences and teaches international law at various European, US, and Australian universities.
Mark McNeill is a partner in the International Arbitration practice of Shearman & Sterling and is based in London. For nearly two decades, he has acted as advocate in numerous commercial and investment treaty arbitrations, including in matters involving intellectual property, technology, nuclear construction, pharmaceuticals, mergers and acquisitions, oil and gas, taxation, mining, and insurance. Since 2014, he has lectured on International Investment Arbitration at Sciences Po Law School in Paris. He is admitted to practise in New York, is an Avocat at the Paris Bar and a Solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and Wales. Before joining Shearman & Sterling, Mark was an Attorney-Adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the US Department of State, where he represented the US Government in investment arbitrations submitted under the North American Free Trade Agreement.
Andrea Menaker is a partner at White & Case, and serves as counsel in complex international arbitration cases, with a focus on investment treaty arbitration. Prior to joining White & Case, Andrea was Chief of the NAFTA Arbitration Division for the US State Department, where she was lead counsel for the United States in investor-state arbitrations under the investment chapter of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and participated in the drafting of investment and dispute resolution provisions in United States’ bilateral investment treaties and investment chapters of free trade agreements.
Ucheora Onwuamaegbu is an International Attorney with Arent Fox LLP, Washington, D.C. focused on international investment law. For about ten years, he was Senior Counsel at the World Bank’s International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and, prior to ICSID, was a lawyer with the United Nations Compensation Commission in Geneva, Switzerland, having been in private law practice in the UK and in Nigeria.
Jan Paulsson is a past President of the London Court of International Arbitration and the International Council for Commercial Arbitration and has served as a Vice-President of the ICC International Court of Arbitration. He is a founding partner of Three Crowns LLP, resident in the firm’s Washington office. He was previously based for three decades in Paris. He has acted as advocate or arbitrator in hundreds of arbitrations in all familiar venues. A graduate of Harvard College, Yale Law School (where he was an editor of the Yale Law Journal), and the University of Paris (Sorbonne), he holds the Michael Klein Distinguished Scholar Chair as professor of law at the University of Miami. He has written a number of well-known textbooks on international arbitration.
Georgios Petrochilos is a founding partner of Three Crowns LLP, based in Paris. Georgios has a broad practice covering inter-state, investment, and commercial disputes. He has represented states, international organizations, and private parties in some 100 disputes, including the largest maritime delimitation case to date in the International Court of Justice (Peru v Chile), the ground-breaking ‘Black Economic Empowerment’ case before ICSID (Foresti and Ors v South Africa), and some of the most critical cases in the European energy industry in the past decade. He also regularly sits as an arbitrator in a broad spectrum of cases and applicable Arbitration Rules. He has published extensively on international law and international arbitration, including the well-known monograph Procedural Law in International Arbitration and (with Jan Paulsson) UNCITRAL Arbitration. Georgios represents a Member State at UNCITRAL since 2007; is a visiting professor at the Universities of Berne and Fribourg; and the current rapporteur of the ILA International Arbitration Committee.
Petr Polášek is a partner with White & Case LLP’s International Arbitration Group. He specializes in investment treaty arbitration, international commercial arbitration, and public (p. xcvii) international law and has a successful track record of advising clients in complex international disputes concerning a variety of industry sectors. Petr was educated in the Czech Republic and the United States, has written and spoken on topics relating to international arbitration, and is a member of numerous respected professional organizations.
Michele Potestà is an attorney at Lévy Kaufmann-Kohler in Geneva, where he specializes in international commercial and investment arbitration. Over the past ten years, Michele has participated in over twenty-five international investment and commercial arbitrations as counsel, arbitrator, and secretary of the tribunal, under all major arbitral rules and in different jurisdictions. Michele’s areas of expertise include energy and natural resources (oil, gas, mining, and solar energy), pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, international sales, banking and finance, services, real estate, and construction, among others. Michele has also advised sovereign states on their investment treaty programmes. He is a senior researcher at the Geneva Center for International Dispute Settlement (CIDS) where he co-leads a research project on the reform of ISDS, in cooperation with UNCITRAL. Prior to joining Lévy Kaufmann-Kohler, he was a lecturer at the Geneva Master in International Dispute Settlement (MIDS), where he taught investment and commercial arbitration.
August Reinisch has been a professor of international and European law at the University of Vienna since 1998. He currently serves as Head of the Section of International Law and International Relations and as Director of the LL.M. Programme in International Legal Studies. He is a Member of the International Law Commission, a membre associé of the Institut de droit international, President of the Austrian Branch of the ILA and President of the German Society of International Law. August Reinisch has served as arbitrator in investment cases, mostly under ICSID and UNCITRAL Rules.
Abby Cohen Smutny is a Partner of White & Case LLP. She is recognized as one of the world’s leading practitioners of international arbitration and has represented clients in arbitrations before all major arbitral forums, including ICSID, the ICC, the Vienna International Arbitral Centre, the LCIA, and the ICDR, as well as in ad hoc UNCITRAL Rules arbitrations. She handles both commercial contract disputes as well as disputes arising under investment treaties. She is Chair of the Institute of Transnational Arbitration, President of LCIA’s North American User’s Council, a member of the International Advisory Committee of the AAA, and a member of the Advisory Board of the Journal of International Arbitration. Previously, she served as Vice-President of the American Society of International Law and a member of its Executive Committee and Executive Council, Vice-Chair of the Arbitration Committee of the IBA and Chair of its Investment Treaty Sub-Committee, and Chair of the International Law Section of the DC Bar. She also formerly was a co-Editor-in-Chief of the World Arbitration and Mediation Review and member of the Editorial Board of the Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy.
Diana Tsutieva is with the International Litigation and Arbitration Department of Foley Hoag in Washington, D.C. She was named a ‘Future Leader’ in international arbitration by Who’s Who Legal 2018. Ms Tsutieva focuses her practice on international investment, commercial arbitration, and public international law matters. She is dual-qualified in common law and civil law, admitted to practise in several jurisdictions in the United States and in Paris, France. She has represented governmental and private parties in arbitration proceedings before ICSID, PCA (the UNCITRAL Rules), and ICC tribunals and other institutions. She has counselled clients in matters involving regulatory actions in the oil and gas industry, mining, financial services and healthcare; environmental claims; and issues of corruption and bribery. Diana served as a judicial clerk to the Honorable Judith M Barzilay at the US Court of International Trade in New York.
(p. xcviii) Baiju Vasani is a partner in Jones Day’s London and Washington, D.C. offices. He serves as counsel and arbitrator across a range of sectors and industries under all major arbitral rules involving treaties (BITs), the Energy Charter Treaty, NAFTA, DR–CAFTA, and public international law. He also advises states on the negotiation and drafting of treaties. He is Co-Head of the Legal Task Force for the creation of an international arbitration centre for the Horn of Africa. Baiju is a Senior Fellow of SOAS University of London, a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, and on the arbitrator panels of various institutions worldwide, including on the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators. He has regularly been ranked by Best Lawyers in America, Chambers USA, Chambers UK, Who’s Who of International Commercial Arbitration, Guide to the World’s Experts in Commercial Arbitration, and Reuters, Super Lawyers, and in 2011 was named in Global Arbitration Review’s list of leading arbitration practitioners worldwide under the age of 45.
Sarah Vasani leads Addleshaw Goddard’s Investor State Dispute Resolution practice in London. She has appeared as counsel for investors from more than twenty countries on five continents, and before all key arbitral institutions. Sarah is qualified in England and Wales, the District of Columbia, and Texas, and is a Solicitor-Advocate of the Higher Courts of England and Wales. She has vast experience in energy, oil and gas, mining, and other large-scale project disputes. Who’s Who Legal and Global Arbitration Review recognized Sarah as a ‘Future Leader in International Arbitration’, noting she is ‘a persuasive and effective counsel who possesses particularly commendable expertise in energy’ and ‘ranks prominently for her energy, enthusiasm and strong background in treaty claims’. Sarah is a visiting Professor at Canterbury Christ Church University, where she supervises doctoral theses in investment arbitration. She has spoken and published extensively on topics relating to international arbitration and cross-border issues.
Alex Wilbraham is Counsel in the International Arbitration Group at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer US LLP, Washington, D.C. An English solicitor by training, he acts as counsel and arbitrator in both commercial and investor-state arbitrations under BITs. Most of his work involves Latin America with a particular focus on large commercial disputes involving Brazil. He was named one of the top arbitration practitioners by Who’s Who Legal 2018.
Alvin Yap is a senior associate in Eversheds Harry Elias LLP’s Singapore office, where he regularly acts as counsel in state-to-state and investor-state disputes. He has represented states in proceedings before the ICJ and the Iran–US Claims Tribunal, and arbitrations administered by ICSID and PCA. Alvin has also acted as counsel and tribunal secretary in commercial arbitrations administered by SIAC, ICC, and FOSFA. He is an adjunct lecturer at the National University of Singapore, where he teaches the course ‘The International Litigation and Procedures of State Disputes’. He has published articles and contributed chapters to books on commercial and investment arbitration. Alvin graduated from the National University of Singapore in 2012. After graduation, he joined a NGO monitoring trials at the ECCC (Khmer Rouge Tribunal) in Cambodia.
Hafsa Zayyan is an associate in Quinn Emanuel’s London office. Her practice focuses on international arbitration and litigation. She has acted in proceedings under the ICSID, ICC, SIAC, UNCITRAL, LCIA, and GCC Commercial Arbitration Centre arbitration rules, representing clients operating in Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Hafsa has had significant exposure to investor-state disputes and other public international law matters.