This chapter analyzes the new foreign investment regulation introduced by the Evo Morales Government in Bolivia. Section A introduces the new economic order that President Evo Morales implemented in his country after he took power in the 2005 elections. Section B addresses the regulation of property rights. Section C is devoted to studying the social or public ownership of natural resources. Section D continues the analysis by focusing on the strong nationalistic stance of this community-centered economy by way of the preference of Bolivian economic activity over foreign activity enshrined in the constitution. Section E analyzes some of the legal problems raised by international law's position within Bolivian law. The last section concludes this chapter with some final remarks.