The challenge is a device to maintain minimal standards of independence and impartiality in arbitrators. Challenge is an exceptional and serious mechanism. It is a process that is infrequently initiated; it may be used more today than in the past, but that conclusion is difficult to assert with confidence given the rareness of published decisions. A challenge may be lodged in response to the appointment of an arbitrator at the commencement of an arbitration or at any time throughout the arbitration when, for example, new circumstances give rise to justifiable...
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