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Part II Burden and Standard of Proof in International Investment Arbitration, 3 Shifting the Burden of Evidence

From: Evidence in International Investment Arbitration

Frédéric Gilles Sourgens, Kabir Duggal, Ian A. Laird

From: Investment Claims (http://oxia.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved. date: 01 October 2023

Burden of proof — Standard of proof

This chapter explains the process of ‘shifting the burden of evidence’, otherwise known as the ‘shifting principle’. This is the proposition which occurs when the party who bears the initial burden puts forward evidence to support its initial claim. Here, the burden of evidence (or alternatively also termed as the ‘burden of production’, ‘burden of persuasion’, or ‘burden of proceeding’) shifts to the other party to rebut the evidence put forward. Shifting the burden of evidence is to be read in conjunction with the burden of proof principle discussed in the previous chapter. This is because it is only when the initial burden of the party making an allegation is met that the burden is shifted to the other party.

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